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WEST, Benjamin Edward III Crossing the Somme oil painting


Edward III Crossing the Somme
Painting ID::  7213
WEST, Benjamin
Edward III Crossing the Somme
1788 Oil on canvas, 137,2 x 149,9 cm Royal Collection, Windsor

   
   
     

WEST, Benjamin The Treaty of Penn with the Indians. oil painting


The Treaty of Penn with the Indians.
Painting ID::  7217
WEST, Benjamin
The Treaty of Penn with the Indians.
1771-72 Oil on canvas, 190 x 274 cm Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia

   
   
     

WEST, Benjamin Portrait of Colonel Guy Johnson oil painting


Portrait of Colonel Guy Johnson
Painting ID::  7220
WEST, Benjamin
Portrait of Colonel Guy Johnson
c. 1775 Oil on canvas, 203 x 138 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington

   
   
     

WEST, Benjamin Self-Portrait oil painting


Self-Portrait
Painting ID::  7222
WEST, Benjamin
Self-Portrait
1770 Oil on canvas Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore

   
   
     

WEST, Benjamin The Death of General Wolfe oil painting


The Death of General Wolfe
Painting ID::  7223
WEST, Benjamin
The Death of General Wolfe
1770 Oil on canvas, 152,6 x 214,5 cm National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa

   
   
     

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     WEST, Benjamin
     American Neoclassical Painter, 1738-1820 American historical painter who worked in England. He was born in Springfield, Pa., in a house that is now a memorial museum at Swarthmore College. After some instruction from a local artist named William Williams, he set up as a portrait painter in Philadelphia at 18, subsequently moving to New York City. In 1760 he went to Europe, where he remained for the rest of his life. For three years he studied in Italy. Working under the tutelage of Anton Mengs, he was also inspired by the classical research of Johann Winckelmann. He then settled in London, becoming a leader of the neoclassical movement. Under the patronage of George III, commissions came to him in great numbers, and in 1772 he was appointed historical painter to the king. A founder of the Royal Academy, he succeeded Sir Joshua Reynolds as its president in 1792. West executed more than 400 canvases, chiefly historical, mythological, and religious subjects painted on a heroic scale. He had many pupils and was a generous friend and adviser to younger artists, particularly American painters studying in England, among whom were Washington Allston, Samuel Morse, Charles Willson Peale, Gilbert Stuart, and John Singleton Copley. His influence on American painting of the period was predominant. Among West's best-known works are Death of General Wolfe (Grosvenor Gall., London) and Penn's Treaty with the Indians (Pa. Acad. of the Fine Arts). In these paintings he created a new departure in historical painting by clothing his figures in the costume of their period instead of the traditional classical garb.

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     | Anton Raffael Mengs | George Richmond | Cady Emma Jane |


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