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LEONARDO da Vinci Study of the proportion of horses oil painting


Study of the proportion of horses
Painting ID::  38489
LEONARDO da Vinci
Study of the proportion of horses
mk137 ca.1481-1482 metal pencil 22x11cm Royal Library, Windsor Castle

   
   
     

LEONARDO da Vinci Study fur the Trivulzio-monument oil painting


Study fur the Trivulzio-monument
Painting ID::  38492
LEONARDO da Vinci
Study fur the Trivulzio-monument
mk137 1508-1511Feder and ink uber of black chalk 15.2x14.5cm Royal Library, Windsor Castle

   
   
     

LEONARDO da Vinci Study Fur the Trivulzio-monument oil painting


Study Fur the Trivulzio-monument
Painting ID::  38493
LEONARDO da Vinci
Study Fur the Trivulzio-monument
mk137 1508-1511 black chalk on paper 20x12.4cm Royal Library, Windsor Castle

   
   
     

LEONARDO da Vinci Madonna in the rock grottos oil painting


Madonna in the rock grottos
Painting ID::  38496
LEONARDO da Vinci
Madonna in the rock grottos
mk137 1491-1508 oils on wood chalkboard 189.5x120cm The nationally Gallery, London

   
   
     

LEONARDO da Vinci Knieened figure in Draperie oil painting


Knieened figure in Draperie
Painting ID::  38497
LEONARDO da Vinci
Knieened figure in Draperie
mk137 ca. 1490 brushes black ink and grey India ink 21.2x15.9cm Royal Library, Windsor Castle

   
   
     

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     LEONARDO da Vinci
     Italian High Renaissance Painter and Inventor, 1452-1519 Italian High Renaissance Painter and Inventor, 1452-1519 Florentine Renaissance man, genius, artist in all media, architect, military engineer. Possibly the most brilliantly creative man in European history, he advertised himself, first of all, as a military engineer. In a famous letter dated about 1481 to Ludovico Sforza, of which a copy survives in the Codice Atlantico in Milan, Leonardo asks for employment in that capacity. He had plans for bridges, very light and strong, and plans for destroying those of the enemy. He knew how to cut off water to besieged fortifications, and how to construct bridges, mantlets, scaling ladders, and other instruments. He designed cannon, very convenient and easy of transport, designed to fire small stones, almost in the manner of hail??grape- or case-shot (see ammunition, artillery). He offered cannon of very beautiful and useful shapes, quite different from those in common use and, where it is not possible to employ cannon ?? catapults, mangonels and trabocchi and other engines of wonderful efficacy not in general use. And he said he made armoured cars, safe and unassailable, which will enter the serried ranks of the enemy with their artillery ?? and behind them the infantry will be able to follow quite unharmed, and without any opposition. He also offered to design ships which can resist the fire of all the heaviest cannon, and powder and smoke. The large number of surviving drawings and notes on military art show that Leonardo claims were not without foundation, although most date from after the Sforza letter. Most of the drawings, including giant crossbows (see bows), appear to be improvements on existing machines rather than new inventions. One exception is the drawing of a tank dating from 1485-8 now in the British Museum??a flattened cone, propelled from inside by crankshafts, firing guns. Another design in the British Museum, for a machine with scythes revolving in the horizontal plane, dismembering bodies as it goes, is gruesomely fanciful. Most of the other drawings are in the Codice Atlantico in Milan but some are in the Royal Libraries at Windsor and Turin, in Venice, or the Louvre and the École des Beaux Arts in Paris. Two ingenious machines for continuously firing arrows, machine-gun style, powered by a treadmill are shown in the Codice Atlantico. A number of other sketches of bridges, water pumps, and canals could be for military or civil purposes: dual use technology. Leonardo lived at a time when the first artillery fortifications were appearing and the Codice Atlantico contains sketches of ingenious fortifications combining bastions, round towers, and truncated cones. Models constructed from the drawings and photographed in Calvi works reveal forts which would have looked strikingly modern in the 19th century, and might even feature in science fiction films today. On 18 August 1502 Cesare Borgia appointed Leonardo as his Military Engineer General, although no known building by Leonardo exists. Leonardo was also fascinated by flight. Thirteen pages with drawings for man-powered aeroplanes survive and there is one design for a helicoidal helicopter. Leonardo later realized the inadequacy of the power a man could generate and turned his attention to aerofoils. Had his enormous abilities been concentrated on one thing, he might have invented the modern glider.

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     | Peter Adolf Persson | Josehp Bruggemann | Johann Michael Rottmayr |


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