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LEONARDO da Vinci Holy Hieronymus oil painting


Holy Hieronymus
Painting ID::  38464
LEONARDO da Vinci
Holy Hieronymus
mk137 1482 Tempera and oil on wood chalkboard 103x75cm Pinacoteca Vaticana, Rome

   
   
     

LEONARDO da Vinci Landscape in the Arnotal oil painting


Landscape in the Arnotal
Painting ID::  38465
LEONARDO da Vinci
Landscape in the Arnotal
mk137 1473 feathers and ink 19x28.5cm Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

   
   
     

LEONARDO da Vinci Plan fur a canal to the evasion of the Arno oil painting


Plan fur a canal to the evasion of the Arno
Painting ID::  38466
LEONARDO da Vinci
Plan fur a canal to the evasion of the Arno
mk137 1503-1504 feather and ink Uber of black chalk 33.5x48.2cm Royal Library, Windsor Castle.

   
   
     

LEONARDO da Vinci A rock gorge oil painting


A rock gorge
Painting ID::  38467
LEONARDO da Vinci
A rock gorge
mk137 ca. 1494 feathers and ink on paper 22x15.8cm Royal Library, Windsor Castle.

   
   
     

LEONARDO da Vinci Portrat of Isabella d-Este oil painting


Portrat of Isabella d-Este
Painting ID::  38468
LEONARDO da Vinci
Portrat of Isabella d-Este
mk137 1500 black chalk with traces of Rotel in the hair and in the skin and Hohungen in bubble yellow in the dress 61x46cm muse you Louvre, Paris

   
   
     

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     LEONARDO da Vinci
     Italian High Renaissance Painter and Inventor, 1452-1519 Italian High Renaissance Painter and Inventor, 1452-1519 Florentine Renaissance man, genius, artist in all media, architect, military engineer. Possibly the most brilliantly creative man in European history, he advertised himself, first of all, as a military engineer. In a famous letter dated about 1481 to Ludovico Sforza, of which a copy survives in the Codice Atlantico in Milan, Leonardo asks for employment in that capacity. He had plans for bridges, very light and strong, and plans for destroying those of the enemy. He knew how to cut off water to besieged fortifications, and how to construct bridges, mantlets, scaling ladders, and other instruments. He designed cannon, very convenient and easy of transport, designed to fire small stones, almost in the manner of hail??grape- or case-shot (see ammunition, artillery). He offered cannon of very beautiful and useful shapes, quite different from those in common use and, where it is not possible to employ cannon ?? catapults, mangonels and trabocchi and other engines of wonderful efficacy not in general use. And he said he made armoured cars, safe and unassailable, which will enter the serried ranks of the enemy with their artillery ?? and behind them the infantry will be able to follow quite unharmed, and without any opposition. He also offered to design ships which can resist the fire of all the heaviest cannon, and powder and smoke. The large number of surviving drawings and notes on military art show that Leonardo claims were not without foundation, although most date from after the Sforza letter. Most of the drawings, including giant crossbows (see bows), appear to be improvements on existing machines rather than new inventions. One exception is the drawing of a tank dating from 1485-8 now in the British Museum??a flattened cone, propelled from inside by crankshafts, firing guns. Another design in the British Museum, for a machine with scythes revolving in the horizontal plane, dismembering bodies as it goes, is gruesomely fanciful. Most of the other drawings are in the Codice Atlantico in Milan but some are in the Royal Libraries at Windsor and Turin, in Venice, or the Louvre and the École des Beaux Arts in Paris. Two ingenious machines for continuously firing arrows, machine-gun style, powered by a treadmill are shown in the Codice Atlantico. A number of other sketches of bridges, water pumps, and canals could be for military or civil purposes: dual use technology. Leonardo lived at a time when the first artillery fortifications were appearing and the Codice Atlantico contains sketches of ingenious fortifications combining bastions, round towers, and truncated cones. Models constructed from the drawings and photographed in Calvi works reveal forts which would have looked strikingly modern in the 19th century, and might even feature in science fiction films today. On 18 August 1502 Cesare Borgia appointed Leonardo as his Military Engineer General, although no known building by Leonardo exists. Leonardo was also fascinated by flight. Thirteen pages with drawings for man-powered aeroplanes survive and there is one design for a helicoidal helicopter. Leonardo later realized the inadequacy of the power a man could generate and turned his attention to aerofoils. Had his enormous abilities been concentrated on one thing, he might have invented the modern glider.

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     | Sofonisba Anguisciola | Nicholas Roerich | George L. Seymour |


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