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Jan van Goyen Horse Cart on a Bridge oil painting


Horse Cart on a Bridge
Painting ID::  10182
Jan van Goyen
Horse Cart on a Bridge
1648 Oil on wood, 37 x 66 cm Alte Pinakothek, Munich

   
   
     

Jan van Goyen River Scene oil painting


River Scene
Painting ID::  10183
Jan van Goyen
River Scene
1652 Oil on canvas, 66,7 x 98 cm Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne

   
   
     

Jan van Goyen Jan van Goyen oil painting


Jan van Goyen
Painting ID::  10184
Jan van Goyen
Jan van Goyen
16 Seashore at Scheveningen 1645Oil on wood 53 x 71 cm The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

   
   
     

Jan van Goyen View of Dordrecht oil painting


View of Dordrecht
Painting ID::  10185
Jan van Goyen
View of Dordrecht
1644Oil on canvas 97 x 148 cm Musees Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels

   
   
     

Jan van Goyen View of Leiden oil painting


View of Leiden
Painting ID::  10186
Jan van Goyen
View of Leiden
1650Oil on canvas Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal, Leiden

   
   
     

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     Jan van Goyen
     Dutch Baroque Era Painter, 1596-1656 Jan van Goyen was born in Leiden on Jan. 13, 1596. Apprenticed from the age of 10, he had several masters. About 1617 he went to Haarlem to study with Esaias van de Velde, an important innovator in the Haarlem movement of realistic landscape painting. Van Goyen's works between 1621 and 1625 are sometimes hard to distinguish from those of his teacher. They are colorful, detailed views of villages and roads, usually busy with people, as in Winter (1621). It was Van Goyen's usual practice to sign or monogram and date his paintings. He traveled extensively through the Netherlands and beyond, recording his impressions in sketchbooks, occasionally with dates and often depicting recognizable scenes. Thus the chronology of his development is clear. His paintings of the late 1620s show a steady advance from the strong colors and scattered organization of his early works toward tonality and greater simplicity and unity of composition. By 1630 he was painting monochromes in golden brown or pale green; he played a leading part in the tonal phase of Dutch landscape painting. In 1631 Van Goyen settled in The Hague, where he became a citizen in 1634. The simplicity, airiness, and unification of his compositions continued to increase in his abundant production of dune landscapes, river views, seascapes, town views, and winter landscapes. The River View (1636) displays a river so open and extensive as to suggest the sea, with reflections that prolong the vast and luminous sky. In its monumentalization of humble structures and its composition built on a firm scaffolding of horizontal and vertical forces, it forecast at this early date developments that dominated landscape painting in the 1650s and later. In the Village and Dunes (1647) the traditional double-diagonal composition still exists, but it is dominated by horizontal and vertical accents. Stronger contrasts of light and dark replace the earlier tonality. In the last year of his life Van Goyen produced an eloquent new style, in which powerful forms stand out against the radiant sky and water in an exquisitely balanced composition (Evening Calm; 1656). The commission in 1651 to paint a panoramic view of The Hague for the Burgomaster's Room shows the high regard in which Van Goyen was held. He was enormously productive; well over 1,000 of his paintings still exist, and almost as many drawings.

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