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Claude Lorrain Landscape with Apollo and Mercury (mk08) oil painting


Landscape with Apollo and Mercury (mk08)
Painting ID::  21581
Claude Lorrain
Landscape with Apollo and Mercury (mk08)
C.1645 Oil on canvas. 55x45cm Rome,Galleria Doria-Pamphilj

   
   
     

Claude Lorrain Seaport at Sunrise (mk08) oil painting


Seaport at Sunrise (mk08)
Painting ID::  21583
Claude Lorrain
Seaport at Sunrise (mk08)
1674 Oil on canvas 72x96cm Munich,Bayerische Staatsgemalde-sammlungen,Alte Pinakothek

   
   
     

Claude Lorrain St Peter's (mk17) oil painting


St Peter's (mk17)
Painting ID::  22172
Claude Lorrain
St Peter's (mk17)
1630/35 Pen drawing and wash.Teylers Museum,Haarlem

   
   
     

Claude Lorrain St Peter's,Rome (mk17) oil painting


St Peter's,Rome (mk17)
Painting ID::  22173
Claude Lorrain
St Peter's,Rome (mk17)
1640/41 Chalk drawing and ink wash.British Museum,London

   
   
     

Claude Lorrain Rome with St Peter's (mk17) oil painting


Rome with St Peter's (mk17)
Painting ID::  22174
Claude Lorrain
Rome with St Peter's (mk17)
1646 Brush drawing.British Museum,London 21.2 x 31.4 cm

   
   
     

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     Claude Lorrain
     French 1600-1682 Claude Lorrain Galleries In Rome, not until the mid-17th century were landscapes deemed fit for serious painting. Northern Europeans, such as the Germans Elsheimer and Brill, had made such views pre-eminent in some of their paintings (as well as Da Vinci in his private drawings or Baldassarre Peruzzi in his decorative frescoes of vedute); but not until Annibale Carracci and his pupil Domenichino do we see landscape become the focus of a canvas by a major Italian artist. Even with the latter two, as with Lorrain, the stated themes of the paintings were mythic or religious. Landscape as a subject was distinctly unclassical and secular. The former quality was not consonant with Renaissance art, which boasted its rivalry with the work of the ancients. The second quality had less public patronage in Counter-Reformation Rome, which prized subjects worthy of "high painting," typically religious or mythic scenes. Pure landscape, like pure still-life or genre painting, reflected an aesthetic viewpoint regarded as lacking in moral seriousness. Rome, the theological and philosophical center of 17th century Italian art, was not quite ready for such a break with tradition. In this matter of the importance of landscape, Lorrain was prescient. Living in a pre-Romantic era, he did not depict those uninhabited panoramas that were to be esteemed in later centuries, such as with Salvatore Rosa. He painted a pastoral world of fields and valleys not distant from castles and towns. If the ocean horizon is represented, it is from the setting of a busy port. Perhaps to feed the public need for paintings with noble themes, his pictures include demigods, heroes and saints, even though his abundant drawings and sketchbooks prove that he was more interested in scenography. Lorrain was described as kind to his pupils and hard-working; keenly observant, but an unlettered man until his death. The painter Joachim von Sandrart is an authority for Claude's life (Academia Artis Pictoriae, 1683); Baldinucci, who obtained information from some of Claude's immediate survivors, relates various incidents to a different effect (Notizie dei professoni del disegno). John Constable described Claude Lorrain as "the most perfect landscape painter the world ever saw", and declared that in Claude??s landscape "all is lovely ?C all amiable ?C all is amenity and repose; the calm sunshine of the heart"

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