Oil On Canvas, Real Flavor of Old Masters

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(June 8 (O.S. May 27), 1837 ?C April 6 (O.S. March 24), 1887; was a Russian painter and art critic. He was an intellectual leader of the Russian democratic art movement in 1860-1880. Kramskoi came from a poor petty-bourgeois family. From 1857 to 1863 he studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts; he reacted against academic art and was an initiator of the "revolt of fourteen" which ended with the expulsion from the Academy of a group of its graduates, who organized the Artel of Artists Influenced by the ideas of the Russian revolutionary democrats, Kramskoi asserted the high public duty of the artist, principles of realism, and the moral substance and nationality of art. He became one of the main founders and ideologists of the Company of Itinerant Art Exhibitions (or Peredvizhniki). In 1863-1868 he taught at the drawing school of a society for the promotion of applied arts. He created a gallery of portraits of important Russian writers, scientists, artists and public figures (Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy, 1873, Ivan Shishkin, 1873, Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov, 1876, Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, 1879, Sergei Botkin, 1880) in which expressive simplicity of composition and clarity of depiction emphasize profound psychological elements of character. Kramskoi's democratic ideals found their brightest expression in his portraits of peasants, which portrayed a wealth of character-details in representatives of the common people. In one of Kramskoi's most well known paintings, Christ in the Desert (1872, Tretyakov gallery), he continued Alexander Ivanov's humanistic tradition by treating a religious subject in moral Cphilosophical terms. He imbued his image of Christ with dramatic experiences in a deeply psychological and vital interpretation, evoking the idea of his heroic self-sacrifice. Aspiring to expand the ideological expressiveness of his images, Kramskoi created art that existed on the cusp of portraiture and genre-painting ("Nekrasov during the period of 'Last songs,'" 1877-C78; "Unknown Woman," 1883; "Inconsolable grief," 1884; all in Tretyakov gallery). These paintings disclose their subjects' complex and sincere emotions, their personalities and fates. The democratic orientation of Kramskoi's art, his acute critical judgments about it, and his persistent quest for objective public criteria for the evaluation of art exerted an essential influence on the development of democratic art and aesthetics in Russia in the last third of the nineteenth century.

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Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi Old Man with a Crutch oil painting artist


Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi Old Man with a Crutch oil painting artist

Old Man with a Crutch
Painting ID::  71876
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1872(1872) Oil on canvas 76.5 x 57.5 cm (30.12 x 22.64 in)

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Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi I. N. Kramskoy. D. I. Mendeleev. oil painting artist


Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi I. N. Kramskoy. D. I. Mendeleev. oil painting artist

I. N. Kramskoy. D. I. Mendeleev.
Painting ID::  72667
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I. N. Kramskoy. D. I. Mendeleev. 1878. Oil cjr

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Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi Old Man with a Crutch oil painting artist


Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi Old Man with a Crutch oil painting artist

Old Man with a Crutch
Painting ID::  73155
new24/Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi-948586.jpg
 
Date 1872(1872) Medium Oil on canvas Dimensions 76.5 X 57.5 cm (30.12 X 22.64 in) cyf

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Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi Portrait of the painter Ivan Shishkin oil painting artist


Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi Portrait of the painter Ivan Shishkin oil painting artist

Portrait of the painter Ivan Shishkin
Painting ID::  86377
new25/Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi-558746.jpg
 
Date 1873(1873) Medium Oil on canvas Dimensions Deutsch: 110,5 x 78 cm cjr

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Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi The Mermaids oil painting artist


Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi The Mermaids oil painting artist

The Mermaids
Painting ID::  95056
new26/Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi-665653.jpg
 
1871(1871) Medium oil on canvas Dimensions 88 x 132 cm cyf

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